“After the triumph of Mecca, the Muslims remained in the city for two weeks when a news soon broke out that a major armed force had been activated in the valley of Hunain to assault Mecca and to fix the triumph of the Muslims. This time the Prophet collected a constrain of twelve thousand warriors, which included two thousand non-Muslim Meccans. The Prophet was compelled to make vital arrangements for safeguard. He felt the need of obtaining cash for arrangements and war supplies, consequently,
as per Masnad (Cairo, 1895, 4:36) by Ahmad canister Hanbal (d. 241/855), “He took a credit of 30,000 dhirams from Abdullah receptacle Rabiah, a stage sibling of Abu Jahl, who was extremely rich.” He additionally needed from Safwan container Umayyah, who had not yet acknowledged Islam, to loan him the weapons of war. Safwan offered one hundred layers of mail together with their adornments.
On sixth Shawal, 8/January 27, 630, the Prophet walked to Hunain to smash the forces of the four savage tribes, viz. Thaqif, Hawazin, Sa’d and Jasam. So as to achieve the fruitful valley of Taif, they needed to go through a restricted debase, called Hunain. It is a name of a valley running from Shara’il-ul-Mujahid, which is 11 miles east-north-east of Mecca, to Shara’i Nakhlah, which is 7 miles and after that runs north towards Zeima. Between the Shara’i the valley is very wide, around 2 miles in many spots, however past the old Shara’i it limits to between a quarter and a half-mile, and as it methodologies Zeima, it gets even smaller. It is this second part of the Hunain valley, which is a contaminate, and the pollute is tightest close Zeima. Past Zeima the Taif course winds into the Wadi Nakhlat-ul-Yamaniyya.
At the point when the Muslim armed force entered the restricted debases neglecting the valley, Hawazin sharp-shooters, safely concealed; sent forward a deadly rain of bolts, creating destruction among the Muslims positions, who took to a wild flight, and just a modest bunch were left with the Prophet. At this basic minute, composes Ibn Hisham (2:444), the Prophet brought his voice up in an extraordinary cry, “O Muslims! I am here! I am the Prophet of God, and nobody set out uncertainty my statement. I am Muhammad, the child of Abdul Muttalib.” But his cries were of no benefit. The main components of Hawazin got to where the Prophet stood, and here Ali cut down the primary heathen to fall at Hunain – a man mounted on a red camel, conveying a long spear toward the finish of which flew a dark flag. This man was pursuing the Muslims as they fled. Ali sought after the man, and cut the ligaments of the camel’s rear legs with his sword. The man fell with the camel. #
The Prophet now moved towards the privilege with his modest bunch Companions and took protect on a rough goad. He swung to Ibn Abbas and requested him to call the Muslims to rally around him. Ibn Abbas was of expansive stature who had exceptionally resounding voice, which as indicated by a few records, could be heard long away. He yelled: “O’ individuals of Ansars! O’people of the Tree (the individuals who had taken pledge of faithfulness at Hudaibia)” No sooner did this moving call achieve the ears of the withdrawing Muslims than they revitalized once more, and made a counter-assault. The tide turned without a moment’s delay, and the unbelievers took to flight and scattered.
It must be realized that the Muslims had counter-assaulted with such rash boldness that the foe’s positions were broken and their strengths split into two. One half fled broadly from the field and withdrew to their homes, the other half took shelter in their post of Taif. Subsequently, the Muslims sought after the escaping foe to the city mass of the braced Taif, around 75 miles from Mecca by the old course, and laid attack to the city which went on for a month or thereabouts. It is accounted for that the Muslims had utilized interestingly the propelled attack apparatuses of the day, for example, the dababah (a wheeled structure made of block and stone to give a consistent cover to besiegers) and the minjaniq (ballista, a wooden structure to heave substantial stones to get through fortresses) recently obtained from the Jews of Khaibar. They made significant death toll the besiegers by the propelled cautious unit of shooting bolts with fireballs of bitumen as warheads against the wooden ballista. Afterward, the Prophet raised the attack on the counsel of a savvy Bedouin. In the interim, the crushed Hawazin sent six of their boss to look for peace and ask for benevolence, which was acknowledged. This is known as the clash of Hunain, in which the adversaries lost seventy of their most intrepid. Six thousand hostages including ladies and youngsters, forty thousand sheep and goats, four thousand ounces of silver and twenty four thousand camels shaped the goods of Hunain.